Social conflict resolution activists and players in the forestry industry have jointly agreed on the importance of multi-sector synergy in resolving land conflicts, which number according to data from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, had risen steeply during the current pandemic.
This pandemic period could become a momentum for all parties involved in land conflicts to build multi-sector synergies that could facilitate the resolution of land conflicts, agrarian reform and conflict resolution activist Agus Pranata said in a press release distributed by RECOFTC – The Center for People and Forests on Wednesday. (23/9.)
“Land conflict handling must undergo adjustments so that it can be maintained. This includes building synergies in a credible and effective conflict resolution process, by transparently disseminating information, improving the quality of human resources (HR) at site level, and coming to an agreement on multi-stakeholder peace commitments,” said Pranata.
Pranata added that this synergy could be successful if it was carried out in accordance with the prevailing regulations and was facilitated and led by the Government. In addition, according to him, the transparency of all related parties was also a determining factor in the success of the conflict resolution process and could also provide opportunities to build the synergies for the future.
If all related parties were committed to this synergy, it would provide a positive impact on their economic sectors. “This commitment needs to be built with mutual awareness, both by the company, government and the community, so that the conflict does not add to the negative economic impact on the parties involved,” added Pranata.
Director of RECOFTC Indonesia Gamma Galudra aired his support for such a synergy by saying that the current land conflict documentation handling had now improved. “Thanks to the better documentation system and procedures for handling land conflicts from the government, NGOs and the private sector, as well as the incessant promotion of the complaint system to the community, conflicts can now be clearly documented,” said Galudra.
He also said that resolving land conflicts could be made easier if there was a capacity building and sharing sessions with the community regarding forest management procedures in the post-land conflict community assistance.
“So that the resolution or any agreement reached does not raise new problems in the future, it is necessary to strengthen groups through capacity building and knowledge sharing with the community on how to manage forests in post-land conflict community assistance, especially during the pandemic.”
He said that if this could be achieved then these community groups would be able to be independent and have a sustainable source of livelihood. He added that in post-conflict community assistance, the private sector, not only the government and NGOs, also had a significant role to play.
APP Sinar Mas, as a private party, was represented by Agung Wiyono, Head of Corporate Social & Security, who said that community empowerment and environmental balance were crucial points in resolving land conflicts. “Conflict resolution that does not refer to regulations has the potential to become a wild ball, for example, such as instant agreements that did not consider aspects of community empowerment and environmental balance.” Said Agung.
According to him, APP Sinar Mas has been mapping land conflicts since 2014, and has identified six typologies of conflict, including: Villages in concessions, indigenous peoples, communities using forest resources, speculators, illegal use of concession areas, and overlapping permissions.