January 15, 2020
Number: SP. 013/HUMAS/PP/HMS.3/01/2020
Jakarta, The Environment and Forestry Ministry (KLHK), Wednesday, January 15, 2020. In the wake of the floods and landslides, the KLHK has taken a number of steps, among others visiting the various locations, especially in the districts of Bogor and Lebak, From the field visits and considering the instruction of President Joko Widodo of January 6 and 8 of 2020, discussions with experts and coordination with the other ministries and institutions, KLHK will apply a holistic or comprehensive handling of ecological disasters in 2020.
“The Environment and Forestry Minister has established a working team involving six director generals, with the Secretary General as head of the team and the minister and deputy minister for the Environment and Forestry Affairs in charge of the responsibility, We are working in an integrated way, with a holistic approach for the implementation that covers a rearrangement of the landscape as a main point because this is not only for now, but for other steps in the future,” the ministry’s Secretary General Bambang Hendoyono said on Wednesday (15/1).
The focus of the handling will also be conducted on the vegetative aspects, including through the Land and Water Conservation structures, and law enforcement against illegal miners and loggers. Also coming under government attention is controlling waste management and environmental restoration.
“In its execution, the Environment and Forestry Ministry will not work alone, Of course it could not be separated from the ministries and institutions, regional governments the armed forces, the national police, and an important part is the role and support of the society,” Bambang said.
For Bogor and Lebak districts, two districts hit by floods and landslides early this year, the ministry has prepared a three-month operation to mitigate disasters. It includes analysis of spatial data to determine location for forest and ground rehabilitation, followed by an observation of areas impacted by the disasters.
Yuliarto Joko Putranto, Secretary of the Directorate General of Water Basin Control and Protected Forests said that after the initial phase, the types of activities, schemes and schedule of activities would be able to be formulated. In the implementation phase, a number of activities would be conducted, including making seedlings available, planting of forest and ground area to rehabilitate them, planting vetivers, building village plant nurseries and buildings for land and water conservation.
“At present, 400,000 seedlings are available in three temporary nurseries. From the calculations, there will be a need for 1.2 million seedlings for all, so there is still a need for another 800,000 seedlings,” Yuliarto said.
The planting and construction of land and water conservation structures that include retaining dams, gully plugs, embankments, eco-hydraulics, and rain water catchment installations are to be focused in impacted areas, critical land, public/social facilities and water catchment areas. The planting is done by people, with a planting incentive given, and a caseworker will be provided for each village
The village nurseries to be built by the ministry in Bogor district will be in the Sukajaya sub-distrit (14 units), Cigudeg sub-district (four units), Nanggung sub-district (two units) while in Lebak district they will be built in the Cipanas sub-district (eight units), Lebakgedong sub-district (12 units), and in Sajira sub-district (two units. Each will have a capacity of 60,000 seedlings.
Especially regarding the Mount Halimun-Salak National Park, the Diretor General for Natural Resources and Ecosystem Conservation, Wiratno, said that the Environment and Forestry Ministry will prepare a planting area of 2,500 hectares. “We will also provide support for the construction of land and water conservation structures or for the planting of adaptive plants, especially in the Mount Halimun-Salak National Park, besides improving the early warning system. The other important thing is that we will hold an evaluation on the suitability of the functions of the Mount Halimun-Salak National Part,” he said.
Director for the Inventarization and Monitoring of Forest Resources, Belinda Arunawati Margono, speaking at the same occasion, cited a number of information regarding the causes of the floods and landslides. She said that the disasters should be seen from the landscape perspective of the location and as a unity that is mutually influencing between them.
Meanwhile, the Director of Water Pollution Control, at the Directorate General of mitigation of Pollution and Environmental Destruction, Luckmi Purwandari, said that one of the solutions to prevent flooding is by using the ecoriparian pattern. The management of this ecoriparian pattern is aimed at improving the quality of the river boundaries through the construction of water retention ponds and the planting of vegetation along the river banks. This concept can also reduce the burden of water pollution.
Asa further step to restore the environment post flood and landslide in Bogor and Lebak, the Ministry will this year build ecoriparian areas along the Cidurian, Ciberang and Ciujung rivers. Ecoriparian areas will also be built in a number of other locations, such as in the water catchment basins of the Ciliwung, Citarum and Cileungsi areas.