Food estate is a food development concept that is carried out in an integrated manner, which generally includes a combination of agriculture, plantations and livestock in a specific area.
Food estate is also one of the 2020-2024 National Strategic Programs (PSN) which takes second national priority after the development of five National Tourism Strategic Areas (KSPN) namely Lake Toba, Mandalika, Labuan Bajo, Manado-Likupang, and Borobudur. (Indonesia.go.id)
History of Food Estate:
- In 1995 food estate was first implemented in Central Kalimantan with a planned total area of 1,457,100 hectares of land divided into five working areas.
- In 2012, work began on a 298,221 hectare food estate in Bulungan, North Kalimantan.
- A planned food estate was resumed in 2013 in Ketapang, West Kalimantan, covering a potential area of 886,959 hectares although the Ketapang Regional Administration was only able to target the provision of 100,000 hectares of land.
- A food estate was planned for 2020 in Central Kalimantan in an effort to fight the economic slump following the COVID-19 pandemic
The Fate of Past Food Estate:
According to data provided by Dwi Andreas, a bioremediation expert from IPB University, food estate programs were difficult to become successful because often there are differences takes between the government and local farmers.
- The food estate in 1995 which was designed to use an area of 1,457,100 hectares had only managed to clear 31,000 hectares of land that was then occupied by 13,000 transmigrant families, Another 17,000 hectares were later also cleared but the land were not occupied at all and the remaining 1,409,150 hectares were left untouched.
- The 2012 Bulungan food estate, with a planned land area of 298,221 hectares, only managed to clear 1,024 hectares of which only 5 hectares were planted.
- Then the Ketapang food estate in 2013 was only able to plant 104 hectares of the 100,000 hectares of land provided by the Ketapang Regional Administration. The project had a total potential area of 886,959 hectares.