The Forest Scribe

Definition of Indonesian Forests

Definition of Forest according to Law Number 41 of 1999:

An integrated ecosystem in the form of an area of land containing biological natural resources dominated by trees that are sustainable with their natural environment and cannot be separated from one another.

Types of Forests:

A. Based on nature:

1. Primary Forest: Natural forest that has not experienced human disturbance

2. Secondary Forest: Forest that grows through natural secondary succession

3. Plantation Forest: Forests planted by humans, including industrial forests, and reforestation forests with regular cropping patterns


B. Based on function:

1. Conservation Forest: Forest areas with certain characteristics, which have the main function of conserving plant and animal diversity and their ecosystem

2. Protected Forest: Forest area designated by the government and certain community groups to be protected, so that its ecological functions are maintained, especially those concerning water management and soil fertility so that it can continue and its benefits can be enjoyed by all

3. Permanent Production Forest: Forest areas with sloping topographical conditions, low soil erosion, and little rainfall and can be fully exploited using clear cutting and selective logging techniques

4. Convertible Production Forest: Production forest areas that are neither productive nor productive which can be spatially reserved for development outside forestry activities or which can be used as a substitute for forest area exchange

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